Built on the sands of the Dalmasca Desert to the south of the Skatay Range, this kingdom prospered for nigh on a thousand years under the peaceful reign of the B'nargin royal line. Thirty years ago, however, Dalmasca fell to the Garlean Empire, and the region became yet another subjugated province.
— In-game description
When Dalmasca was yet a kingdom, the B'nargin family's royal coat of arms-known colloquially as the "Suncrest"-was raised as the nation's flag. The Garleans soon forbade Dalmascans from flying the banner, and the once-famous symbol of the sun-drenched desert nation all but disappeared from view.
He with Sight, Heed it Not.
A successful monarchy, the B'nargin dynasty spanned centuries. As one of the corridors between Ilsabard and the eastern lands of Othard, Dalmasca occupies a geopolitically vital location. Yet despite being the target of numerous invasions, the kingdom had a history of repelling even the most determined conquest. That it eventually fell to the Garlean Empire was due to the imperial legions' unexpected route of incursion: their airships soared above the desolate expanse of the Burn, and came across the Skatay Range to overwhelm Dalmasca's lightly defended northern border.
Raminas B'nargin Dalmasca
The Blue Council was an assembly of officials which governed under the king's authority. The name originates from the blue-colored tiles of the council's offices.
Dalmascan Hyur: 40%
The Light of Kiltia is a polytheistic religion based primarily on the worship of the God of Light, and its churches have exerted significant influence on Dalmasca's society since ancient times. There was a period in history, however, when the faithful sought to meddle too deeply in secular matters of governance. This was met with an outcry of disapproval, and resulted in the forcible separation of the affairs of church and state. Despite its once ubiquitous presence, this facet of Dalmascan culture, too, was ground under the heel of the occupying Garleans. Places of worship were either demolished by the imperial military, or gutted and repurposed as entirely different facilities.
The Dalmasca Desert and the wasteland known as the Burn are the only existing overland routes between the continents of Ilsabard and Othard. But as the desert has oases and the Burn has none, the availability of water makes the coice of road a simple one. For centuries, Dalmasca prospered as a waypoint for merchant caravans, with the royal capital, Rabanastre, amassing such a rich collection of rare goods from both east and west that ballads named the city the "Desert Sapphire."
The mention of Dalmasca conjures images of a kingdom rising form the desert, but at the edge of the sands lies the port city of Valnain, known for its history as a center for shipping. In the Valnard Sea to the south, a lighthouse perches on the lip of the Ridorana Cataract-a gaping maw in the ocean believed to lead to the seventh hell. This spire illuminates the path to the northern sea routes, and thence to the docks of Valnain. With advances in Gyr Abanian navigation techniques, overland caravans slowly gave way to merchant ships, but Dalmasca's hold on the shipping lanes ensured its continued prosperity.
As a nation of diverse peoples, Dalmasca adopted a philosophy of "live and let live" to avoid senseless conflicts. Each race, clan, and tribe held themselves to different ethical and moral standards, but as long as no laws were broken, the questionable actions of other races were largely ignored. After many an ugly and violent dispute motivated by racial differences, it seems that Dalmascans learned the benefits of keeping their thoughts to themselves.
As well as spices and foodstuffs from across the world, Dalmasca's vibrant trade brought with it foreign recipes, and thus did ancient Dalmascans partake in all manner of culinary fare. Of particular note is the unusual dish the locals would prepare using wild cactus from the desert. The vineyards of Lea Monde were also famed for producing "Valens," an exquisite red wine of complex and delicate flavor, yet its scarcity is now such that even a single bottle would command a small fortune.